Land Rights and the Papal Visit

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Land Rights and the Papal Visit
By: Catholic News Service
09 July 2015

Pope to activists: Defend the Earth, Demand Economic Reform


Cindy Wooden, Catholic News Service


9 July 2015


SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia—Meeting with an international gathering of grassroots activists, Pope Francis not only encouraged, but tried to add fuel to their fire for “standing up to an idolatrous (economic) system which excludes, debases and kills.”


Addressing the World Meeting of Popular Movements in Santa Cruz July 9, Pope Francis acknowledged he did not have a “recipe” for a perfect economic-social-political system, but he said the problems with the current system are obvious and the Gospel contains principles that can help.


The activists — including labor union representatives and people who organize cooperatives for the poor who make a meager living recycling trash or farming small plots or fishing — combat “many forms of exclusion and injustice,” the pope said.


“Yet there is an invisible thread joining every one of those forms of exclusion,” the pope said. They all are the result of a global economic system that “has imposed the mentality of profit at any price, with no concern for social exclusion or the destruction of nature.”


The current global finance system is “intolerable,” he said. “Farmworkers find it intolerable, laborers find it intolerable, communities find it intolerable, peoples find it intolerable. The earth itself—our sister, Mother Earth, as St. Francis would say—also finds it intolerable.”


At the meeting, sponsored by the Vatican and organized with the help of Bolivian President Evo Morales, Pope Francis shared the sense of urgency shown by participants, who adopted a long statement of commitments promising to mobilize in the defense of the rights of the poor and of the Earth.


“Time, my brothers and sisters, seems to be running out; we are not yet tearing one another apart, but we are tearing apart our common home,” the earth, he said.


“Perhaps the most important” task facing the world today, the pope said, “is to defend Mother Earth. Our common home is being pillaged, laid waste and harmed with impunity. Cowardice in defending it is a grave sin.”


“Today, the scientific community realizes what the poor have long told us: Harm, perhaps irreversible harm, is being done to the ecosystem,” Pope Francis said. “The earth, entire peoples and individual persons are being brutally punished” by the effects of pollution, exploitation and climate change.

“And behind all this pain, death and destruction there is the stench of what Basil of Caesarea called ‘the dung of the devil’ — an unfettered pursuit of money,” the pope said.


When money becomes a person’s god, he said, greed becomes the chief motivator of what people do, permit or support. In the end, he said, “it ruins society, it condemns and enslaves men and women, it destroys human fraternity, it sets people against one another and, as we clearly see, it even puts at risk our common home.”


In a talk that had harsh words for those who exploit the poor or destroy the environment, Pope Francis also very formally spoke to the indigenous people present about the Catholic Church’s cooperation with the Spanish and Portuguese who settled much of the Americas.


“I say this to you with regret: Many grave sins were committed against the native peoples of America in the name of God,” the pope said. “Here I wish to be quite clear, as was St. John Paul II: I humbly ask forgiveness, not only for the offenses of the church herself, but also for crimes committed against the native peoples during the so-called conquest of America.”


At the same time, Pope Francis asked the meeting participants to recognize that many Catholics—priests, nuns and laity—willingly gave their lives in service to the continent’s peoples.


Most people, including the poor participating in the Santa Cruz meeting, he said, wonder how they can make a difference in the face of such huge problems and an economic system that seems to shrug off any effort at accountability.


The pope urged participants to look to Mary, “a humble girl from small town lost on the fringes of a great empire, a homeless mother who turned an animals’ stable into a home for Jesus with just a few swaddling clothes and much tenderness.”


The pope and the Catholic Church do not have a program or “recipe” for solving the problems of injustice and poverty in the world, he said. But it is clear that the economy should be “at the service of peoples. Human beings and nature must not be at the service of money.”


“Let us say ‘no’ to an economy of exclusion and inequality, where money rules, rather than service. That economy kills. That economy excludes. That economy destroys Mother Earth,” he said.


The change the popular movements are working for and the inspiration for Catholic social justice efforts cannot be an ideology, he said; it must be about people.


A person with a heart, the pope said, is moved not by cold statistics, but by “the pain of a suffering humanity, our own pain, our own flesh.”


Pope Francis said the goal must be the creation of “a truly communitarian economy, one might say an economy of Christian inspiration.” Its hallmarks are respect for human dignity, guaranteeing a right to land, housing and work, but also access to education, health care, culture, communications and recreation.


“It is an economy where human beings, in harmony with nature, structure the entire system of production and distribution in such a way that the abilities and needs of each individual find suitable expression in social life,” he said.


Such an economy is not a dream, he said. The people, the talent and the resources exist.

In working toward a new economy, Pope Francis called the popular movements “social poets,” people who are “creators of work, builders of housing and producers of food, above all for people left behind by the world market.”


One does not need to be rich or powerful to impact the future of humanity, he said. The future “is fundamentally in the hands of peoples and in their ability to organize.”


“Keep up your struggle and, please, take great care of Mother Earth,” the pope told the gathering. “I pray for you and with you.”


At the end of his 55-minute speech, Pope Francis made his customary request that his audience pray for him, but knowing that many of the meeting participants are not believers, he asked those who cannot pray to “think well of me and send me good vibes.”



Original article




Land Rights, Corruption Pose Challenges in Paraguay as Pope Visits


Barbara J. Fraser Catholic News Service


2 July 2015


LIMA—Although Pope Francis will not hold a special meeting with representatives of Paraguay’s small farmers and indigenous people, as church leaders had hoped, their plight is likely to come up during his visit to the South American country in July.


The country’s bishops had asked that the pope visit the city of Concepcion, in Paraguay’s agricultural region, to talk with landless farmers and indigenous people, said Bishop Heinz Wilhelm Steckling, Ciudad del Este, on the border with Argentina and Brazil.


The pope’s agenda will keep him close to Asuncion, but during a short stop at a low-income neighborhood in the capital, he will see the plight of people who have left rural areas and settled along the Paraguay River, where annual flooding displaces thousands of people.


In Banado Norte, which the pope will visit, some 70,000 people evacuated their homes last year because of higher-than-usual seasonal flooding. By mid-June this year, more than 5,000 had been forced to leave. They are among the 1.5 million poor people in a country of about 7 million.


Despite the flooding, which occurs yearly between April and June, people often are reluctant to move into government shelters because they are afraid they will lose the few possessions they have, said Father Alberto Luna, Jesuit provincial in Paraguay.


In rural areas, large companies are buying huge swaths of land for soybeans or biofuel crops, often for export, forcing small farmers off their land and polluting water used by indigenous people, said Jesuit Father Jose Maria Blanch, director of his order’s social action foundation in Paraguay. The country ranks fourth in the world in soybean exports and fifth in soybean meal exports.


Eleven farmers and six police officers died in June 2012, during the violent eviction of 60 small farmers from government land claimed by a private company in Curuguaty, northeast of Asuncion.


The incident was among the events that led to the impeachment of former Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo. Before he ran for the country’s top office, Lugo was bishop of San Pedro, another area where there are many landless small farmers.


That problem has a long history in Paraguay. In his recent encyclical, “Laudato Si’, on Care for Our Common Home,” Pope Francis quotes a letter about small farmers’ land rights issued by the country’s bishops in 1983.


In the encyclical, the pope also calls attention to deforestation. Although devastation of the Amazon forest gets the most attention in South America, Paraguay has one of the region’s highest deforestation rates, especially in its northern Chaco region.


The country, which is slightly smaller than California, has lost 10 percent of its forest—an area the size of [the U.S. state of] Maryland—to farming and ranching since 2000, according to recent studies. Those operations encroach on territory inhabited by indigenous people.


Although Pope Francis will not hold an exclusive meeting with small farmers and indigenous people, they will be represented at an encounter between the pope and representatives of civic organizations. That gathering will include a gay married man.


In his remarks, the pope may also mention corruption, a problem that has made headlines recently in many Latin American countries, including his native Argentina. Several Paraguayan legislators are under investigation for alleged ties to drug traffickers.


Much of the illegal drug trade, as well as contraband smuggling, converges on Ciudad del Este, where Bishop Steckling was consecrated in December 2014. His appointment came after Pope Francis removed former Bishop Rogelio Livieres Plano “for serious pastoral reasons” following a Vatican investigation.

Bishop Livieres had opened a separate seminary, which led to conflict with other bishops. He also was accused of protecting an Argentine priest who had been accused of inappropriate contact with a student in Scranton, Pennsylvania, although a Vatican spokesman denied that was a factor in the bishop’s removal.


Pope Francis will name more new bishops in Paraguay, as most are due for retirement in the next few years, Father Luna said.


“Despite the past crisis, this diocese is a place of great religious fervor,” Bishop Steckling said of Ciudad del Este.


With many lay movements, “there is great religious strength in people who would like to change the (political) system, who would like a life without corruption,” he said.


About 7,000 volunteers from the diocese will be among the 70,000 who will help during the pope’s visit, which could draw 1 million or more visitors from outside of Paraguay.


But the real work will come after the visit, the bishop said.


“After the excitement comes the important part, which is studying everything the pope has said and taking ownership of his message in all the parishes,” he said. “We want to move away from a kind of Catholicism is that is just habitual to a more committed life of faith.”



Original article


Photo: Pope Francis gives a thumbs up as he arrives to participate in the second World Meeting of Popular Movements in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 9 July 2015. Source: CNS/Paul Haring.

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