President & Chief Executive Officer
NIKE, Inc. (World HQ)
One Bowman Drive
Beaverton OR 97005
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Dear Mr. Parker:
We have learned that, at 06:30 am on 15 September, some 120 police officers, guards, and Shibuya Ward park officials suddenly appeared Miyashita Park in Tokyo and closed it off entirety. After supplies were brought in, all entrances to the park were sealed off with fences and blocked by lines of local ward officials and guards. Riot squad vehicles and over 40 plain-clothes public safety officers also surrounded the periphery of the park in a glaring demonstration of needless excess. Signs posted on fences read, “In accordance with provisions regarding prohibition of park use in Section 7 of the Shibuya Ward Public Parks Ordinance, use of Shibuya Ward Miyashita Park is currently prohibited” and “Miyashita Park will be closed due to construction for maintenance.”
The closure of Miyashita Park took place without warning. That morning, one of the park’s homeless residents was injured when he was forcibly dragged out by 10 guards. It is important to note that the forthcoming “construction for maintenance” cited in the signs refers to Nike’s planned conversion of Miyashita Park into a sports facility. The sports goods giant will not only foot the bill for the construction but has also purchased the rights to rename the public park “Miyashita Nike Park.”
Originally Shibuya Ward’s planned start date for construction (contracted out to Tokyu Construction) was in April 2010, but organized protest thus far has succeeded in stalling the park conversion. While Shibuya Ward is saying that Miyashita’s sudden closure is for “tree-pruning and garbage removal estimated to take about a week,” other statements made by officials to the press such as “We’d like to continue from there with the construction” clearly suggest that this eviction is being carried out for the purposes of installing Nike facilities.
On 16 September, an order for the removal of tents, posters, artistic works and other materials belonging to The Coalition to Protect Miyashita Park from Becoming Nike Park (The Coalition), as well as a storage shed used to hold possessions for homeless persons by the Shibuya Free Association for the Right to Housing and Well-Being of the Homeless (nojiren) was issued in the name of Shibuya Mayor Toshitake Kuwahara under Section 27 Item 1 of the Urban Park Act. The order states that “these properties (listed in the attached document)” are in violation of Article 6 Item 1 (regarding permission for occupancy of urban parks) of the same Act and, as such, must be cleared by noon of 18 September at the expense of the property owners. This means that the ward is preparing to undertake administrative subrogation procedures, as happened in past evictions of homeless persons from Nagoya’s Shirakawa Park in 2005, Osaka’s Utsubo Park and Osakajo Park in 2006, and Osaka’s Nagai Park in 2007. However, in each of these past cases, evictees were first given the opportunity to present their case in writing prior to the eviction following receipt of the notice demanding removal of their property. In the case of Miyashita, on the other hand, no such opportunity was provided. After warnings insisting on the “removal of the unauthorized property” were posted on 24, 25, 26 and 31 August, the official removal order was issued suddenly and with disregard to necessary legal proceedings.
Moreover, despite the fact that Article 27 Item 1 of the Urban Parks Act asks for the owner’s voluntary removal of personal property, Shibuya Ward has made it impossible for owners to conform, since closure of Miyashita Park means that even persons who wish to reclaim their property are being denied entry. In addition, while the order for property removal was served in accordance with Item 3 of the Urban Parks Act (enabling park management to order removal “where, through no particular fault, the party who must be ordered to act cannot be verified”), as of 15 September, Shibuya Ward could no longer justly or legally claim that “the unauthorized property listed” actually belonged to “an unidentified party” seeing as how two of the homeless residents of the park signed papers verifying items as their property. (A formal request to examine the Order for Removal of Property Belonging to Unidentified Parties was filed with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport on September 17.) Then, on the afternoon of September 18th, immediately following the expiration of the set deadline for property removal, notices citing Article 3 Item 1 of the Act on Substitute Execution by Administration were posted outside of the park while both nojiren and The Coalition received legal reprimands via express mail. The Ward is clearly acting in extreme haste.
Since they were made aware of Nike’s plans to convert Miyashita Park, The Coalition has openly voiced opposition for the following reasons:
awarding use of this public space to one company for the creation of a profit-making sports facility will also effectively result in denying part of the public the same right to use the park;
the plan for the conversion was settled without informing or consulting ward residents and park users, and advanced in an undemocratic, top-down manner by the mayor and select members of the ward assembly;
if the conversion is carried out, then homeless residents of the park will be expelled and the public will lose an important space for free assembly.
The closure of Miyashita Park, the order for property removal, and the move toward an administrative subrogation all effectively undo with one stroke the hard work, the artistic vibrancy, and the many discussions, events and encounters all manifested in The Coalition’s movement to “Keep Miyashita everyone’s park.” The Ward’s actions have been carried out by strong-arm tactics under law enforcement currently preparing for the 13 November APEC Summit in Yokohama, with tightened security measures surpassing those undertaken during the 2008 Hokkaido G8 Summit.
Shibuya Ward is obviously working closely with the police, as evidenced by the police department’s overwhelming presence on 15 September along with the fact that the ward official in charge on that day, namely, the Park Infrastructure Coordinator, not only stated that “all this has been cleared with Hirano (Shibuya Ward’s Security Department Chief),” but also demonstrated a need to call the police every time something arose.
Homeless persons are being uprooted and denied their personal possessions by this eviction at a time when the economy is undergoing a long-term decline and more and more people are being forced onto the streets due in part to insufficient job creation and social welfare policies.
We join The Coalition in resenting the Mayor of Tokyo’s collusion with a major corporation to turn a public park into a corporate advertisement, as well as the antagonism directed at homeless people, which demonstrably threatens their well-being.
Mr. Parker, we look forward to hearing of your efforts to retain Myashita Park as a permanent public space, while also ensuring a needed refuge for homeless citizens of the city until a durable solution for their adequate housing is found.