For Afro-Colombians evicted from their land in north-western Colombia and along the Pacific coast, the loss of familiar surroundings of lush jungle and rugged mountains can be devastating.
Take Yajaira, a slender 18-year-old, one of four children whose family was displaced from a settlement in the Cacarica river basin just south of Colombia`s border with Panama.
She misses her place of origin deeply.
"My home was surrounded by banana and mango trees, and coconut palms," she recalls, fingering a bracelet she wears made of seeds and feathers gathered in tropical forests.
"We used to bathe and fish in a nearby stream."
Currently, Yayaira spends part of the year in Bogota, Colombia`s Andean capital, where blue-black clouds seem to hover perpetually over the city.
It often rains and it is cold, in sharp contrast to the sultry heat of the north-west.
Tens of thousands of other displaced Afro-Colombians are also dispersed in Colombian cities.
Many live precariously in sprawling shantytowns, such as Ciudad Bolivar, in the south of the capital.