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Rohingya "Clearance"

What is affected
Housing private
Land Private
Communal
Type of violation Forced eviction
Demolition/destruction
Dispossession/confiscation
Date 01 January 2012
Region A [ Asia ]
Country Myanmar
Location Rakhine State

Affected persons

Total 0
Men 0
Women 0
Children 0
Refugees
Proposed solution
Details
Development



Forced eviction
Costs
Demolition/destruction
Land losses

- Land area (square meters)

- Total value
Housing losses
- Number of homes
- Total value

Duty holder(s) /responsible party(ies)

State
Burmese army
Brief narrative

UN: Rohingya Exodus to Bangladesh Exceeds 400,000

Bangladeshi leader seeks global help as Rohingya Muslims continue to flee Myanmar, overwhelming Bangladesh.

More than 400,000 majority-Muslim Rohingya have fled Myanmar into Bangladesh, the United Nations says as Bangladeshi leader heads to the US to seek global help coping with the crisis.

Bangladesh has been overwhelmed by Rohingya since violence erupted in Buddhist-dominated Myanmar’s Rakhine State on August 25.

On Saturday, the UN said that the total number of people to have entered Bangladesh having fled the unrest had now reached 409,000, a leap of 18,000 in a day.

Conditions are worsening in the border town of Cox’s Bazar where the influx has added to pressures on Rohingya camps already overwhelmed with 300,000 people from earlier waves of refugees.

The UN said two children and a woman were killed in a rampage when a private group handed clothes near a camp on Friday.

Sheikh Hasina, the prime minister of Bangladesh, departed for New York City on Saturday to plead for international help and demand more pressure on Myanmar during talks at the UN General Assembly on Thursday.

She will seek immediate cessation of violence in Rakhine State in Myanmar and ask the UN secretary-general to send a fact-finding mission to Rakhine, Nazrul Islam, a spokesman for the prime minister, told AFP news agency.

She will also call the international community and the UN to put pressure on Myanmar for the repatriation of all the Rohingya refugees to their homeland in Myanmar, he said.

Chris Lom, spokesperson for the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), told Al Jazeera the aid agencies working in the country were struggling to cope with the demand.

Nobody expected this number of people. Of course, if 100,000 would have come, they could have been accommodated, but by the time they stop, it may be 500,000 and may be more. It’s huge, he said.

Lom said aid agencies were working as fast as they can but had so far been able to assist less than a quarter of the refugees.

’Ethnic cleansing’

Foreign Minister AH Mahmood Ali said: We will continue international pressure on the Myanmar government to immediately end its ongoing ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya.

The foreign ministry on Friday summoned the Myanmar charge d’affaires for the third time in Dhaka to protest at alleged violations of its airspace by Myanmar drones and helicopter.

The ministry warned that the three violations between September 10 and 14 could lead to unwarranted consequences. Myanmar did not immediately comment.

The Bangladesh government earlier protested to the embassy over the planting of landmines near their border, which have killed several Rohingya, as well as over the treatment of the refugees.

Original article with video

Myanmar: At Least 270K Rohingya Flee

Reuters

Friday, 8 September 2017

U.N. says 270,000 Rohingya fled Myanmar in past two weeks

GENEVA—An estimated 270,000 Rohingya refugees have fled Myanmar in the past two weeks and sought refuge in Bangladesh, where two existing refugee camps are bursting at the seams, the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR said on Friday.

The exodus of the minority Rohingya was triggered by insurgent attacks on 25 August and an army counter-offensive.

Myanmar says its forces are fighting a legitimate campaign against terrorists responsible for a string of attacks on the police and army since last October. Officials blame Rohingya militants for killing non-Muslims and burning their homes.

The two refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar in southeast Bangladesh – home to nearly 34,000 Rohingya refugees before this influx – are now bursting at the seams. The population has more than doubled in two weeks, totalling more than 70,000. There is an urgent need for more land and shelters, UNHCR said in a briefing note for reporters in Geneva.

The vast majority are women, including mothers with newborn babies, families with children. They arrive in poor condition, exhausted, hungry and desperate for shelter.

The United Nations was expecting a total refugee influx of 300,000, up from a previous estimate of 120,000, an official told Reuters on Wednesday.

The International Organization for Migration said the estimate of new arrivals had increased considerably partly because of an assessment on 6 September, when humanitarian workers visited more locations, and found 75,000 newly arrived people in nine locations.

There were 130,000 people in the registered refugee camps and three makeshift settlements, 90,000 in host communities, and nearly 50,000 in new spontaneous settlements which are expanding quickly with people still searching for space to make temporary shelters, an IOM statement said.

While most of Rohingya refugees arrive on foot, mostly walking through the jungle and mountains for several days, thousands are braving long and risky voyages across the rough seas of the Bay of Bengal, UNHCR said.

At least 300 boats arrived in Cox’s Bazar on Wednesday, IOM said.

(Reporting by Tom Miles; Editing by Alison Williams)

Original article

The Kofi Annan-led Advisory Commission on Myanmar’s Rakhine State has urged the National League for Democracy government to grant birth certificates and citizenship to Rohingya children born there.

The commission was created last year by the new NLD administration led by Aung San Suu Kyi, following a violent flare-up of tensions in the territory which claimed the lives of scores of people.

The situation in the state deteriorated again this month when security forces began a new clearance operation around the township of Rathetaung, where Buddhist Rakhine and Rohingya communities live side-by-side.

At least 12 people including five police officers were killed when Rohingya militants launched raids on border posts in the country’s Rakhine State.

More than 20 police posts came under attack by an estimated 150 militants, and seven attackers were killed in gun battles with Border Police.

It was the worst outbreak of violence for months in the coastal state plagued by religious tensions, and followed the release of the commission’s report.

The northern part of Rakhine closest to Bangladesh has been in lockdown since deadly attacks by militants on border posts in October 2016. More than 87,000 Rohingya fled across the border into neighbouring Bangladesh after the army cracked down, following the deaths of nine police in the attack.

The UN believes those security clearances may have amounted to ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya, a mainly Muslim minority living in Buddhist Myanmar.

The report criticised Myanmar’s 1982 Citizenship Law as failing to meet international standards, as it contradicts the principles of non-discrimination under international law and treaties signed by Myanmar, as well as domestic law, including the 2008 Constitution.

Rohingya had for many years not been regarded as citizens of Myanmar, and Rakhine State Muslims have been critical of the new verification process, citing it as discriminatory.

Mr Annan said reforming the citizenship law would be seen as highly sensitive in Myanmar, particularly for the ethnic Burmese in Rakhine state.

We are well aware that our recommendations on citizenship and freedom of movement touch on profound concerns of the Rakhine population, he told a news conference in Yangon.

If issues are left to fester, the future of Rakhine State and indeed Myanmar as a whole will be irretrievably jeopardized, said Mr Annan.

The commission’s report was also critical of the time taken to modify the processes around citizenship verification, which have been widely criticised.

However, Mr Annan suggested the Muslim community collaborate further with the government to speed up the process.

The Commission said just 13,000 Muslims - of whom 9000 are ethnic Kaman - have been recognized as full citizens or naturalized citizens, out of more than one million Muslims who remain stateless in the country, a large number of them in the northern Rakhine State.

James Gomez, Amnesty International’s director of southeast Asia and the Pacific, agreed with the report’s findings that Myanmar’s 1982 Citizenship Law be amended, and encouraged the lifting of restrictions on freedom of movement for Rohingya.

Without concrete action by the authorities to address long-standing grievances and redress decades of violations, people in the region will continue to be trapped in a cycle of deprivation and abuse, Mr Gomez said.

Military leader General Min Aung Hlaing was among many army figures who claimed the report was factually wrong and questioned the impartiality of the commission’s work.

A statement from Tatmadaw, Myanmar’s armed forces, said citizenship must be granted in line with existing laws and that the national verification process existed in order to examine applicants for associate citizenship.

The Office of the Commander-in-Chief also said more emphasis must be placed on Muslims’ refusal to participate in the national verification process.

He also warned that unless the local Buddhist population accept the report’s findings, it would be very difficult to address the issues raised.

Overall, the commission needed to understand the perspective of the military, the government, and local Arakanese, the General said.

Original article

Related:

More ’clearance’ of Rohingya as Annan demands change

UN Reports on Rakhine Living Conditions

Download the UN Advisory Commission on Rakhine State report “Towards a Peaceful, Fair and Prosperous Future for the People of Rakhine

Visit the Commission’s website

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