Qinghai Quake Plan

What is affected
Housing Social/public
Housing private
Land Social/public
Land Private
Type of violation Demolition/destruction
Date 14 April 2010
Region A [ Asia ]
Country Tibet
Location nationwide

Affected persons

Total 100000
Men 0
Women 0
Children 0
Proposed solution
Land losses

- Land area (square meters)

- Total value
Housing losses
- Number of homes
- Total value €

Duty holder(s) /responsible party(ies)

Private party
Brief narrative

Tibetans Reject Quake Plan 3 August 2010 Victims of the Qinghai earthquake demand adequate compensation for resettlement. HONG KONG—Tibetan farmers and nomads in the remote western province of Qinghai are camping out on what`s left of their homes following April`s devastating earthquake, in protest at a government clean-up and resettlement program, residents said. Xiangjia, a resident of Gyegu township in the quake-hit Tibetan prefecture of Yushu, said local residents had set up tents to keep watch. Attempts to begin clearing the rubble and ruined homes from the areas had been stalled by the Tibetans` sit-in, he said. They started sending out officials on July 24, said another resident, Wang Jieze. They were going to do six days of ideological work, and then start work on Aug. 1 to clear away all the rubble from the collapsed homes. On Aug. 1—once the ideological work, clean-up and registration processes were complete—they were going to end the negotiation process whether the Tibetans agreed with the outcome or not. The government has divided Yushu Autonomous Prefecture into 10 sections, dispatching 50 officials to each area, including those in dispute. The mood in Gyegu is tense and expectant, with rumors that the government would begin clearing collapsed homes in August, Wang said. Wang said the proposed levels of compensation had already been approved by the central government in Beijing but were not released to the public for fear of creating unrest among Tibetan inhabitants. Sources said that according to the Qinghai post-quake reconstruction plan, the previously bustling and prosperous streets around People`s Road, Hongwei Road and Tuanjie Road are to be razed, making way for newly constructed tourist areas and parks. The plan would affect around 60 percent of the settled population, or tens of thousands of people, sources said. Calls to the Gyegu township government went unanswered during office hours Friday. Sit-in Protest Meanwhile, hundreds of households from the nearby village of Xinzhai, four kilometers outside Gyegu, are camped outside township government offices in protest at plans to take over their land, residents said. A Gyegu township resident identified as Soenam said 200-300 residents of Xinzhai village had gathered outside the government offices in recent days to lodge a petition against plans to redevelop their village, which is largely home to nomadic and herding families. The villagers said that a land which had commanded a price of 900,000 yuan (U.S. $133,000) per mu (0.16 acre) before the devastating earthquake in April is now being compensated at a rate of 90,000 yuan (U.S. $13,300) per mu. We are all farmers, so we are talking about large tracts of land, Soenam said. The government wants to take it back from us. The people who own small plots of a few mu have all gone to the government offices because they have a problem with it. There are a lot of people there, she added. About half the village has turned out. Maybe 200 or 300 households. They go in relays all the time apart from during religious festivals. She said current government plans will provide apartments of 80 square meters to earthquake victims who had lost homes for which they possess legal documentation. Some of them would be allowed to build new homes on their existing plots of land, with government help. But others are being resettled to a different area by officials, who have been going from door to door seeking signatures for the new scheme. Authorities have not provided details of the proposed resettlement to these quake-hit families. Xiangjia said Hongwei Road and People`s Road residents had made similar protests and petitions at government offices, and that their numbers were far greater than those in Xinzhai. Xiangjia said the government had offered Hongwei and People`s Road residents 9,000 yuan (U.S. $1,300) per square meter in compensation, but most business owners are dissatisfied with the offer. In June, Yushu officials confirmed local plans to relocate some of the residents of Gyegu, where a deadly 7.1 magnitude earthquake on April 14 killed 2,698 people and left 270 missing, by official count. China recently announced plans to spend 32 billion yuan (U.S. $4.68 billion) on the reconstruction of areas hit by the massive earthquake, in which the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture was hardest hit, official media reported. Under the plan, the government will also offer tax breaks for companies and financial institutions in the region that back rebuilding of infrastructure and homes and create jobs, the official Xinhua news agency said. Source: http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/quake-08032010104416.html **** Negative Impact of Dams in China International Rivers Network On April 14, 2010, an earthquake measuring at 7.1 (6.9 according to the US Geological Survey) struck Yushu County in the largely Tibetan area of Qinhai Province. The tremor, whose epicenter lies near the high mountain town of?`VioId ?VioAuthor ???VioOrganisation???VioLocation ???VioContactEmail???VioTitle???ongoing?VioEviction ?VioDemolition ?VioDispossession?VioPrivatization?VioHousingPublic?VioHousingPrivate?VioHousingCommunal?VioLandPublic ?VioLandPrivate?VioCommunal ?VioRespauthority?VioWater?VioEnergy ?VioOthers ???VioDate Jiegu in Yushu County on the Qinghai Plateau, killed 1,700 people and seriously injured 11,000. The earthquake has highlighted civil society`s concerns regarding dam safety and earthquake-related dam bursts. According to Chinese news reports, the Changu (or Thrangu in Tibetan) hydropower dam was damaged by the earthquake, and is at the risk of collapse at any time. The Changu (Thrangu) Project is located upstream of the county seat, Jiegu, and is clearly visible on Google Maps. If the dam breaks, it would endanger the lives of more than 100,000 people living downstream. Yushu County, on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is a hotbed of planned dam building in China. As we know from more than 100 documented cases around the world, high dams can trigger earthquakes. There is strong evidence linking the devastating Sichuan earthquake of May 2008 to the Zipingpu Dam. There is no evidence that the latest quake is linked to dam building in the area. However, the serious seismic risks call for utmost caution in building further high dams in western China. Several very large dams are currently being built on the middle reaches of the Yangtze, downstream of Yushu County. There are also plans to build at least 81 large dams on the upper reaches of the Yangtze, the Mekong and the Salween rivers in Qinghai Province and Tibetan Autonomous Region. Two hydropower projects – Nieqiahe and Lagong – have already been built on the Upper Yangtze in Yushu County. Eleven more hydropower projects are under active consideration on the same stretch of the river. In addition, the 302-meter-high Tongjia Dam is being considered as the starting point of the Western route of the South North Water Transfer scheme in Yushu County. China`s older dams have a very bad safety record. Between 1954 and 2003, 3,484 of the country`s 85,300 dams collapsed. China`s dam critic Fan Xiao warns that the country`s poorly built and dangerous reservoirs are time bombs waiting to explode in the event of a severe flood or other unexpected occurrence. New dams, such as those planned on the Upper Yangtze, can be built to withstand very strong earthquakes. However, the homes, offices and public buildings in their vicinity are not built to the same safety standard. They can be severely affected by earthquakes triggered by dams and by the overtopping of reservoirs. Given the experience with earthquakes and dams, high dams in seismically active regions such as Southwestern China should only be built if (1) the seismicity around the dam sites is continuously monitored, (2) water levels are not allowed to fluctuate quickly, and (3) all buildings in the reservoir areas are seismically retrofitted before the reservoirs begin filling. As Chinese geologists have informed International Rivers, none of these conditions are currently fulfilled in Chinese dam projects. Original at: http://www.internationalrivers.org/en/china

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