Tsunami Survivors: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

What is affected
Housing Social/public
Housing private
Land Social/public
Land Private
Roads, Schools, Hospitals
Type of violation Demolition/destruction
Date 26 December 2004
Region A [ Asia ]
Country India
Location Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Affected persons

Total 55000
Men 0
Women 0
Children 0
Proposed solution
Land losses

- Land area (square meters)

- Total value
Housing losses
- Number of homes 10000
- Total value €

Duty holder(s) /responsible party(ies)

Local and International Relief Agencies
Brief narrative In the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, over 55,000 people were displaced by the December 26, 2004 tsunami and over 10,000 homes were damaged.

Major concerns have been raised about post-tsunami aid and rehabilitation work. These concerns include the inadequate housing conditions and a lack of priority to permanent housing. Intermediate shelters have been inadequate in providing necessary privacy and essential services for inhabitants. Consultation with survivors about both intermediate and permanent housing has been minimal. The lack of consultation is of greater concern because of the distance of the Islands from mainland India and limited knowledge of the central government of local geographic, cultural, and social conditions.

There are also concerns about compensation for special groups such as illegal settlers and renters who did not have land title. Relief and rehabilitation work, including the construction of temporary shelters, has not adequately considered the needs of women.

For further details, see Fact-Finding Mission Report 9 "Battered Islands: Report of a Fact-Finding Mission to Tsunami-Affected Areas of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands" published by South Asia Regional Programme, Housing and Land Rights Network, Habitat International Coalition.

The document can be found at: http://www.hic-sarp.org/publication.php#fact
Costs €   0